The Latinidad of Ted Cruz

On Monday Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas became the first Latino to win the Iowa caucus. (Gage Skidmore/Flickr)

On Monday Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas became the first Latino to win the Iowa caucus. (Gage Skidmore/Flickr)

Last night Ted Cruz (R-TX) won the GOP Iowa caucus. His win not only changed up the Republican primary race by defeating Donald Trump, but also sparked a discussion: Is Ted Cruz Latino?

Soon after Cruz took the Iowa contest, people already began to call him the “first Hispanic candidate” to win a presidential caucus or primary. In fact Cruz’s political allies have already trumpeted this as a huge breakthrough, telling audiences that Cruz has the potential to be the “first Hispanic president.” Others are confidently predicting that Cruz will “dominate” the Hispanic vote.

However, the reaction from others has been less than enthusiastic. Even his fellow Latino Republicans aren’t really that excited over his own campaign, but rather gravitate towards fellow Cuban American Marco Rubio. Crucial GOP Latino blocs like Latino evangelicals tend to be critical of Cruz as they see him as less inspiring and too harsh on immigration. First-time GOP caucus-goer and Colombian immigrant Enrique Peña clumps Trump and Cruz together when he says: “The tone and the language they use, they would not be good candidates to represent America.”

Despite his historic victory, some have noticed that Latino organizations really aren’t celebrating the milestone either. Even La Opinwondered, “¿Por qué no estamos celebrando?”

Furthermore it’s not just critics on Twitter. Even well-known Latino Democrats have either outright excommunicated him or questioned just how Latino he is. And it’s not some family squabble on the Internet. Non-Latinos like Mark Halperin and Chris Matthews, with their embarrassing antics, pick up that something’s different about Ted. So it begs the question…

Is Ted Cruz really a Latino?

Ultimately the case against Cruz comes down to two points.

First, he doesn’t really make a big deal of his latinidad. He goes by “Ted” instead of Rafael (his first name), he’s not fluent in Spanish, he’s a Southern Baptist, he listens to country music, and — gasp! — he’s not even fully Cuban.

Secondly, he’s a Republican. His conservative outlook and hardline immigration stance make him an odd duck among Latinos. The majority of Latinos vote with Democrats and support immigration reform. If he disagrees with Latinos on such a critical issue as immigration, then isn’t he a vendido (traitor)?

From my conversations with folks, both Latino and not, Democrat and Republican, this seems to be a really popular view. He’s not a Latino, they say. He’s a Tío Tomás, a coconut, a sell-out.

I disagree.

Ted Cruz should be considered a Latino, regardless of any and all political disagreements we have with him, for three reasons. First, Cruz is clearly a Latino from his obvious family background. Second, the rate of assimilation in the U.S. means we are going to have to grapple with Latinos not looking or sounding like our preconceived notions of what it means to be Latino. Lastly, Latinos deserve to have really tough political fights with ourselves, even ones that hurt.

Looking at Ted’s roots and family background, it’s plain as day that the guy’s Latino. Notwithstanding his own emigration from Canada to the U.S., his paternal family’s Cuban story is extremely typical. His father, Rafael Cruz, was born in Matanzas, grew up angry with the Batista regime and then left Cuba when dissatisfied with the direction of the revolution. Even if exaggerated, Rafael’s story isn’t typical of the wealthy habanero fleeing to their summer house in Miami. Also, while sometimes white Cubans like to pretend they are “pure” Spanish, it’s more than likely that Ted, like most Cubans, has a mixture of indigenous, Spanish and African background. Furthermore, the easiest way to see how someone should be identified is simply to ask them. If you ask Cruz, he’ll tell you: he’s Cuban. And while some like to make a big deal of Cruz going by “Ted” instead of Rafael, it should be noted that Cruz actually grew up being called Felito for most of his childhood. He changed it after being teased as a teenager in junior high. Now ask yourself, is it possible to grow up with a crazy Cuban dad, being called Felito and not be a Latino?

Also, as much as you may hate the guy, take a good look. Because Latinos like him — half-Anglo, Protestant, upper-middle-class, Republican — are only going to become more common. Assimilation means our old stereotypes of who is and is not Latino are going to have to change. Right now we are in the midst of a massive shift. For the first time since the Mexican-American War, the majority of Latinos living in the U.S. were born in the U.S. That means a few things. Pew’s report on Hispanic identity shows our community changing rapidly. The more we intermarry with other Americans, the less likely Hispanic or Latino becomes the primary way to identify ourselves. Over generations we become less fluent in Spanish. Politically, while most tend to prefer a larger government that provides more services, Latinos become fonder of smaller government as the generations go by. In addition, as Latinos begin to enter the middle class, the more they will vote Republican as opposed to Democrat. If we’re going to start kicking people out because they don’t match our stale ideas of what makes a Latino, then soon enough there won’t be any of us left.

Lastly, and most important, do we really want to say Latinos can’t have disagreements with each other? Think about what that means. Notice no one says that about white people. No one asks, Is Hillary Clinton white enough? There’s a disquieting racial double-standard where white politicians and voters are free to disagree with each other, whereas people of color and Latinos of all shades must be loyal to the monolith. Nearly every day we read pieces praising the diversity of Latino communities. We come from different stories, we came in different waves to America, and we have different ideas. This notion of “Latino loyalty” is a total absurdity. Ask anyone from Latin America. Is Enrique Krauze “not really Mexican” because he doesn’t kowtow to the PRI’s hijacking of the Mexican Revolution? Is Elias Biscet “not really Cuban” because he disagrees with the Castros? Let’s grow up. We owe it to each other to have civil disagreements on politics without attacking who we are.

Look, I don’t plan on voting for Ted, and he pisses me off more ways than I can count. But all the same, I’m glad Latinos have entered the political mainstream in a way that would’ve been unthinkable 50 years ago. It’s a great moment. Ted Cruz is a part of that moment.


Joseph Laughon is a writer based in Los Angeles who writes for Cafe Con Leche Republicans and at Musings on the Right. You can connect with him on Twitter @el_leprechauno.

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rikimaru says:

The Talmud must not be regarded as an ordinary work, composed of twelve volumes; it posies absolutely no similarity to any other literary production, but forms, without any figure of speech, a world of its own, which must be judged by its peculiar laws.
The Talmud contains much that is frivolous of which it treats with great gravity and seriousness; it further reflects the various superstitious practices and views of its Persian (Babylonian) birthplace which presume the efficacy of demonical medicines, or magic, incantations, miraculous cures, and interpretations of dreams. It also contains isolated instances of uncharitable “ judgments and decrees against the members of other nations and religions, and finally it favors an incorrect exposition of the scriptures, accepting, as it does, tasteless misrepresentations.

The Babylonian” Talmud is especially distinguished from the Jerusalem or Palestine Talmud by the flights of thought, the penetration of mind, the flashes of genius, which rise and vanish again. It was for this reason that the Babylonian rather than the Jerusalem Talmud became the fundamental possession of the Jewish Race, its life breath, its very soul, nature and mankind, powers and events, were for the Jewish nation insignificant, non- essential, a mere phantom; the only true reality was the Talmud.” (Professor H. Graetz, History of the Jews).
And finally it came Spain’s turn. Persecution had occurred there on “ and off for over a century, and, after 1391, became almost incessant. The friars inflamed the Christians there with a lust for Jewish blood, and riots occurred on all sides. For the Jews it was simply a choice between baptism and death, and many of them submitted to baptism.
But almost always conversion on thee terms was only outward and false. Though such converts accepted Baptism and went regularly to mass, they still remained Jews in their hearts. They were called Marrano, ‘ Accursed Ones,’ and there were perhaps a hundred thousand of them. Often they possessed enormous wealth. Their daughters married into the noblest families, even into the blood royal, and their sons sometimes entered the Church and rose to the highest offices. It is said that even one of the popes was of this Marrano stock.

Al Rodriguez says:

Born in the US obviously means military bases, embassies, consulates, US territories, US possesions. Ted Cruz was not born in any of these. As everyone knows already Ted Cruz was born in Canada. His Canadian birth makes him very eligible to be Prime Minister of Canada. According to the US Constitution, as it was written in that era and without any change to this date, Ted Cruz can NOT be President of the United States nor Vice President of the United States as well. Ted Cruz is violating the US Constitution and must be expelled from the 2016 Presidential campaign immediately.

Al Rodriguez says:

Bernie 2016!

Xemos says:

Al Rodriguez “only native born-in-the-US persons can be POTUS”  Is not how it is written.. Sorry, you or no media outlet can re-write our constitution..
Hamilton’s draft states: “No person shall be eligible to the office of President of the United
States unless he be now a Citizen of one of the States, or hereafter be
born a Citizen of the United States
Final Version aka the constitution states: “No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United
States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be
eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be
eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of
thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United
Doesn’t state where they have to be born… Individuals born of American parents are naturally born as American citizens regardless of location..  My wife was born out of a Navy base in Scotland to her American parents stationed there, She is natural born, place of birth is Glasgow citizenship has been from minute 1, American.  Unless you want to advocate children of service members shall never be eligible to become president? Write your congressmen.. I bet he won’t care what you think of that silly opinion…

Greg Medina says:

Al Rodriguez Greg Medina…finer minds than those infesting this thread have determined that his American mother gave him citizenship regardless of whether he was born in Canada, Korea or Kenya.

And FYI…don’t forget to support Bernie.  I will come over to give you a ride on election day, if you want to take a chance off that high horse.

Al Rodriguez says:

Greg Medina Al Rodriguez  This has absolutely nothing to do with Daily Kos or the Huffington Post Sir. It has to do with respect for the laws of this country and not the bullshit circus act performed by a so called “Latino” from Canada who feels who is better than the laws of our country. Your reply makes me believe that you may be one of many who approve of the Canadian born opportunist known as Rafael “Ted” Cruz  being allowed to be POTUS regardless of the law that immediately disqualifies him? If Ted Cruz continues to get his way and continues this illegal process of running for POTUS then we might as well throw the Constitution in the garbage.

Greg Medina says:

Al Rodriguez…turn off the Daily Kos and Huffington Post…neither is a fountain of “journalism” or astute political analysis above the height of a circus Chihuahua’s little mo-ped bumper-sticker.

Al Rodriguez says:

The bigger problem is that Ted Cruz is continuing to violate the US Constitution by running for POTUS. According to the Constitution of the United States of America as it was written three centuries ago, only native born-in-the-US persons can be POTUS or VPOTUS. By being born in Calgary, Alberta Canada Ted Cruz is obviously and clearly ineligible to be POTUS or VPOTUS. Ted Cruz explains the issue away by stating that because his mother is a native born US citizen he is automatically a US citizen as well. No Rafael you are not! His mother can be POTUS if she wanted to run, but not Canadian born Ted Cruz. It is astonishing and ridiculous that no one has brought this up. The media is ignoring the issue and so are the Democrats and Republicans. Attention must be given to this issue immediately because our Constitution is being ridiculed and violated by Ted Cruz. The Republicans, Donald Trump, FOXNews and even Ted Cruz himself made a big deal out of President Obama’s place of birth and now when Ted Cruzs’ obvious foreign birthplace and eligibility is questioned he doesn’t have to get the “birther” treatment. In fact where are those goddamn “birthers” when you need them?