BRAZIL: A contentious presidential race in Brazil reached its conclusion Sunday as the votes began tallying in. Jair Bolsonaro, the far-right candidate from the Social Liberal Party, won a convincing victory with more than 46 percent of votes.
However, Bolsonaro will have to face a runoff on October 28 against his opponent, Fernando Haddad, from the Worker’s Party, for narrowly missing the 50 percent mark needed to win outright.
Brazilian voters saw Bolsonaro become the leading candidate after former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was convicted and imprisoned for corruption, money laundering and bribery in August, forcing him to abandon the presidential bid.
At the time, Lula da Silva held a 39 percent of approval amongst voters. Bolsonaro followed with a 15 percent. Lula da Silva’s replacement, Haddad, has had a hard time catching up.
The conservative Bolsonaro has been a controversial character during the race and has infuriated minority groups throughout Brazil due to his racist, sexist and homophobic comments. Bolsonaro survived a stab to the stomach after being attacked during a campaign rally on September 7.
HEADLINES FROM THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
MEXICO: The country’s Ministry of Health has filed 70 complaints to the General Attorney’s Office for diverting $150 million dollars from the public health sector. These funds were originally for “Popular Insurance” and were evidently reduced across 15 federal entities. At least two unnamed governors are being prosecuted for reallocating the money, among other things.
MEXICO: President-elect Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that fracking will no longer be used for extracting fossil fuels during his six-year term. Unlike his predecessors, López Obrador said the government will use more environmentally friendly techniques to extract oil. In response, former president Vicente Fox Quesada posted a video on Twitter denouncing López Obrador’s plan to eliminate fracking, emphasizing that Mexico must take urgent advantage of fracking as a “modern technology” and that it poses no risks towards the environment.
No dejemos ir esta oportunidad para México. Podemos y debemos ocupar los primeros lugares a nivel mundial, ¿cómo? Recuperando nuestra capacidad petrolera y el fracking es el camino a ello. pic.twitter.com/LHXT0bX88s
— Vicente Fox Quesada (@VicenteFoxQue) October 6, 2018
MEXICO: Bahías de Papanoa in the southwestern state of Guerrero became the region’s first beach to accommodate tourists with disabilities. Authorities say the project aims to serve 18,600 people. The beach caters its furniture, beach beds, walkers and rescue stretchers, along with lifesavers and inflatable jackets, to folks with disabilities. The town has also become more welcoming by installing braille directories, signs and menus while increasing accessibility to restrooms and other amenities with ramps.
HAITI: A 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti late Saturday and killed at least 12 people. It is one of the strongest quakes to hit Haiti since 2010, when a 7.0 magnitude quake killed up to 100,000 people.
JAMAICA: On Friday, Prime Minister Andrew Holness announced that the state of emergency in three sections of Kingston has been extended until January of 2019. The order, which includes an anti-crime pilot program carried out by the Jamaican military, was originally called on September 23 and was only meant to last 14 days.
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Last week, the Office of the Attorney General of Colombia arrested three women who are suspected in organizing a sex-trafficking ring of minors in Trinidad and Tobago. The women are suspected of tricking minors into sex work, finding young girls between the ages of 15 and 19 in the Colombian central department of Caldas and offering them opportunities in Trinidad and Tobago as waitresses, nurses or nannies.
GUATEMALA: Even a $1.3 million joint campaign between the U.S. government and Guatemala has not stopped people from fleeing extreme poverty and starting the journey north. In fact, Guatemalans now make up nearly half of all Latin American migrants who travel to the United States. In the past year, 42,757 Guatemalan families were apprehended or stopped at the U.S.-Mexico border. This is a significant rise. Two years ago, less than one-third of Latin American immigrants were Guatemalan.
PANAMA / COSTA RICA: Panamanian customs authorities announced Saturday that a three-day strike and blockade in the Panama-Costa Rica border city Paso Canoas has cost Panama over $20 million. Costa Rican protestors blocked the passage of cargo vehicles from all of Central America to Panama in rejection of a series of new tax reforms approved by Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado Quesada Friday.
COLOMBIA/ECUADOR: The space agencies of Colombia and Ecuador announced Friday they will be collaborating to launch their first lunar exploration mission. The two countries have teamed up with Astrobotic, a provider of lunar landers. They expect to deliver exploration satellites on the lunar orbit with Astrobotic’s upcoming Peregrine Mission One, slated for 2019. This will represent one of Latin America’s first efforts to reach the moon, along with the project proposal by Team KillaLab, which will see the deployment of a Peruvian-lead experiment on the moon’s surface sometime in 2019.
PERU: Parallel to the Brazilian elections, Peruvian voters went out to elect their regional and municipal authorities on October 7. The local elections are noteworthy for having observers from 14 different countries in wake of various corruption scandals and a lack of debates and concrete proposals from the running candidates. Numerous scandals have been highlighted during the electoral process, such as that of Daniel Urresti. A former general, Urresti was recently cleared of charges for planning the assassination of journalist Hugo Bustios and was allowed to run his campaign for mayor of Lima.
ARGENTINA: After surviving in a cave for two weeks earlier this year, the Thai soccer team best known as the “Wild Boars” is participating in the Youth Olympic Games held in Argentina from October 6 to October 18. The team of 12 played during the opening ceremony on Saturday against the prestigious Argentinian River Plate team. Thomas Bach, head of the International Olympic Committee, praised the boys for their “bravery” and their “sports values.” The boys and their coach were rescued last summer after venturing into a cave complex in Thailand’s Chiang Rai Province on June 23.
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